Using Cholesterol Medications to Treat Alopecia

CHOLESTEROL DRUGS FOR HAIR LOSS? 

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune condition. Medications that diminish the effects of the immune system are often used to treat alopecia areata. This includes treatments such as steroid injections, topical steroids, diphencyprone (DPCP), anthralin, or  immunosuppressive pills such as methotrexate, sulfasalazine and prednisone.  These all affect the immune system in some way or another.

New research suggests that cholesterol lowering medications may also be helpful. Interestingly, in addition to the ability of these medications to lower cholesterol levels, these drugs also reduce inflammation. The reduction of inflammation is a key step in treating alopecia areata.

 

What are statin medications?

The ‘statins’ are a well-known group of medications used to treat elevated cholesterol.  In fact,  it is estimated that about 3 millions Canadians and 30 millions Americans use statins to control their cholesterol.  Ezetimibe is a second type of cholesterol lowering medication and works by blocking the absorption of cholesterol.

 

In a new study, 19 patients with advanced alopecia areata were treated with two cholesterol medications – simvastatin and ezetimibe for 24 weeks.  Remarkably, after 24 weeks, 14 of 19 patients (nearly 75% of patients) were found to regrow hair so some extent. The majority of those who continued the drug after then 24 week period maintained their hair and the majority of stopped the drug after then 24 week period lost their hair again.

 

Comment

 

This is a tremendously exciting study, opening the doors to even larger studies of the use of these cholesterol lowering drugs in the treatment of alopecia areata. These drugs are well known in the population as cholesterol lowering drugs and so we have many years of experience with these drugs. Although side effects such as muscle pains, muscle damage, diarrhea, irritation of the liver, and a rise in blood sugars can occur with these medications – these are relatively infrequent. 

 

REFERENCE

Study: Lattouf C and colleagues. Treatment of alopecia areata with simvastatin/ezetimibe. J Am Acad Dermatol 2015; 72: 359